Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals

Published by: Kowsar

The Frequency of Dysphagia after Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography in Open Cardiac Surgery

Tooraj Babaei 1 , Alireza Jahangiri Fard 2 , Behshid Ghadrdoost 1 , Hooman Bakhshandeh 1 , Mohsen Ziyaeifard 1 and Seyed Mostafa Alavi 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals: January 2017, 8 (1); e10804
  • Published Online: December 31, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 1, 2016
  • Revised: November 30, 2016
  • Accepted: December 15, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/mcardia.10804

To Cite: Babaei T, Jahangiri Fard A, Ghadrdoost B, Bakhshandeh H, Ziyaeifard M, et al. The Frequency of Dysphagia after Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography in Open Cardiac Surgery, Multidiscip Cardio Annal. 2017 ; 8(1):e10804. doi: 10.5812/mcardia.10804.

Copyright © 2016, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
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