Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals

Published by: Kowsar

Ocular Complication in Cardiac Surgery

Leila Alizadeh Ghavidel 1 , * , Farideh Mosavi 1 and Araz Mohammadzadeh 2
Authors Information
1 Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Department of Ophthalmology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Retinal Fellowship of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Department of Ophthalmology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Article information
  • Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals: January 2017, 8 (1); e11500
  • Published Online: December 28, 2016
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: November 1, 2016
  • Revised: November 19, 2016
  • Accepted: December 17, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/mcardia.11500

To Cite: Alizadeh Ghavidel L, Mosavi F, Mohammadzadeh A. Ocular Complication in Cardiac Surgery, Multidiscip Cardio Annal. 2017 ; 8(1):e11500. doi: 10.5812/mcardia.11500.

Copyright © 2016, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Blood Flow in Retina and Optic Nerve Head (ONH)
3. Hemodynamic Changes During Cardiac Surgery
4. Corneal Abrasion
5. Perioperative Visual Loss (POVL)
6. Retinal Ischemia During Cardiac Surgery
7. Retinal Artery Occlusion: Branch and Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
8. Ischemic Optic Neuropathy During Cardiac Surgery
9. Cortical Blindness
10. Pituitary Apoplexy
11. Conclusions
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