Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals

Published by: Kowsar

Mixed Type Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection in a Newborn

Alireza Golbabaei 1 , Ehsan Aghaei Moghaddam 2 , Mohammad Taghi Majnoun 2 and Alireza Sanei Motlagh 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
Article information
  • Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals: January 2018, 9 (1); e62512
  • Published Online: July 31, 2017
  • Article Type: Case Report
  • Received: April 11, 2017
  • Accepted: May 31, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/mcardia.62512

To Cite: Golbabaei A, Aghaei Moghaddam E, Majnoun M T, Sanei Motlagh A. Mixed Type Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection in a Newborn, Multidiscip Cardio Annal. 2018 ; 9(1):e62512. doi: 10.5812/mcardia.62512.

Copyright © 2017, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Annals. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Introduction
2. Case Presentation
3. Discussion
  • 1. Kouchoukos NT, Blackstone EH, Hanley FL, Kirklin JK. Kirklin barratt boyes cardiac surgery. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. 4 ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2013. 1183 p.
  • 2. Wilson J, Baillie M. A description of a very unusual formation of the human heart, By Mr. James wilson, surgeon, communicated by matthew baillie, m. D. F. R. S. Philos Trans R Soc Lond. 1798;88(0):346-56. doi: 10.1098/rstl.1798.0014.
  • 3. Chowdhury UK, Airan B, Malhotra A, Bisoi AK, Saxena A, Kothari SS, et al. Mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, anatomic variations, surgical approach, techniques, and results. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;135(1):106-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2007.08.028. [PubMed: 18179926].
  • 4. Chowdhury UK, Malhotra A, Kothari SS, Reddy SK, Mishra AK, Pradeep KK, et al. A suggested new surgical classification for mixed totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Cardiol Young. 2007;17(4):342-53. doi: 10.1017/S104795110700073X. [PubMed: 17588283].
  • 5. Rosenquist GC, Kelly JL, Chandra R, Ruckman RN, Galioto FJ, Midgley FM, et al. Small left atrium and change in contour of the ventricular septum in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: a morphometric analysis of 22 infant hearts. Am J Cardiol. 1985;55(6):777-82. [PubMed: 3976524].
  • 6. Haworth SG, Reid L. Structural study of pulmonary circulation and of heart in total anomalous pulmonary venous return in early infancy. Br Heart J. 1977;39(1):80-92. [PubMed: 137733].

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